The majority of the area is covered by grassland and scrub. There are also deciduous forests of pubescent oak / Quercus pubescens /, oak / Q. frainetto /, Turkey oak / Q. cerris / and hornbeam / Carpinus orientalis /. Hornbeam prevails. In the area of Melnik pyramids 113 species of birds are found. Of these, 12 are listed in the Red Book of Bulgaria (1985). 49 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004). As endangered in Europe in Category SPEC2 - 19 species are inluded and in SPEC3 - 30 species. In 2005 the area was designated by BirdLife International as Important Bird Area.